High-performing first-generation and underserved students who have those characteristics and skills are known to embody “self-efficacy.” Self-efficacy is “one’s perceived capabilities for learning or performing actions at designated levels”, which often stems from lived experiences, social/verbal persuasion, and emotional arousal. [Read More]


Longitudinal Applicant, Matriculant, Enrollment, & Graduation Tables from 1925-2015. [Read More]


2014-2017 Distribution of Medical School Graduates according to Henry J Kaiser Family Foundation and the Association of American Medical Colleges. [Read More]


A close look at the numbers shows that the only effective way to increase racial diversity at elite colleges is by considering race when deciding who gets in. Racial and ethnic gaps in educational attainment and achievement, which start in elementary school, widen as students move through high school and to college. An affirmative action program at selective colleges that targets students based on poverty will therefore admit far more white students than black or Hispanic students.[Read More]


Private schools may have a long, honorable tradition in America that goes back to colonial times, but that tradition ended—at least in the American South—in the last half of the 20th century when they were used as safe havens for Southern whites to escape the effects of the impending and ongoing desegregation mandates. [Read More]


There exists an inextricable link between diversity, equity, and educational excellence. Diversity in education equalizes opportunity, educates all sectors of society, and enriches the educational experiences of all students by introducing differing perspectives, cultures, and ideas. Insights gained from these perspectives are central to higher education. [Read More]


Even after decades of affirmative action, black and Hispanic students are more underrepresented at the nation’s top colleges and universities than they were 35 years ago, according to a New York Times analysis.

The share of black freshmen at elite schools is virtually unchanged since 1980. Black students are just 6 percent of freshmen but 15 percent of college-age Americans, as the chart below shows. [Read More]


While many initiatives and programs supported by foundations, medical schools, and government have contributed to increasing diversity in the physician pipeline, the number of applicants from one major demographic group—black males—has not increased above the number from 1978. That year, 1,410 black males applied to medical school, and in 2014, just 1,337 applied. A similar trend is observed for firsttime matriculants: in 1978, there were 542 black male matriculants to MD-granting institutions, and in 2014, there were 515. In addition, of all racial and ethnic groups, the proportion of applicants to medical school who were male compared with female is lowest for African-Americans—despite an overall increase in the number of black male college graduates. [Read More]